Today this reputation has led to parts of the island being defiled by mass tourism, but despite this, the Corfu of literature does still exist. Visit Corfu Town. Vidos Island. Incorporated into the Napoleonic empire (1807), it became a British protectorate after the emperor’s final defeat (1815). Corfu Hotel Deals: Find great deals from hundreds of websites, and book the right hotel using Tripadvisor's 458,952 reviews of Corfu hotels. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. 2. Updates? Sitting in the North of the Ionian Sea, Corfu in Greece is strongly influenced by the Venetians, the French and the English and for this reason has a cosmopolitan, multicultural charm. Voici une entrevue tenue le 9 décembre 2008 à Radio-Canada avec Georges Gaudet, scénariste et coréalisateur, avec Luc Fontaine, d'un documentaire The twin-peaked old citadel, with fortifications built by the Venetians (1550), was once an islet. Discover the best things to do in Corfu, fantastic beaches, top hotels, and restaurants, as well as a wide selection of breathtaking photos!. Rome2rio makes travelling from Corfu to Navagio easy. Pop. 20 décembre 1963 : Naufrage du Corfu Islands à l'Étang-du-Nord. In August 1923 Italians forming part of an international boundary delegation were murdered on Greek soil, leading Benito Mussolini to order a naval bombardment of Corfu. Corfu is a large mountainous island in the Ionian Sea on the west side of the Greek mainland, right at the border of Albania. Paleokastritsa is the most famous beach resort, while other nice Corfu beaches include Agios Gordis, Pelekas and Glyfada. Many of its buildings and other landmarks were destroyed in the fighting of 1943, but the Royal Palace (1816), a former residence of British governors and now a museum, escaped the destruction. ANEK LINES connects the port of Corfu with the ports of Ancona and Bari, with regular itineraries during the high season, offering top quality services and authentic Cretan philoxenia on board. Corfu quit the war in 410, but a new alliance with Athens (375) resulted in hostilities with Sparta. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. Having Corfu as your base, you can do trips to some awesome Greek islands near Corfu. In the heart of the Adriatic Sea is Corfu, one of the Ionian Islands. Unique in many ways, Corfu has it all to impress: beautiful nature, mix of architecture styles due to its vibrant history, culture and wonderful Mediterranean hospitality. Here’s how to find the best of Corfu … What is the world’s largest archipelago? Naufrage du Corfu Islands, le 20 décembre 1963. from WebTVdesiles PRO . Corfu incident, (1923) brief occupation of the Greek island of Corfu by Italian forces. Olive trees predominate, but figs, oranges, lemons, grapes, and corn (maize) are also cultivated. The Greek island of Corfu, also known as Kerkyra, has been under the control of many different cultures and nations, giving it a cultured and fascinating history. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Corfu took no active part in the Persian invasion (480 bce) of Greece, but in 435 it sought the assistance of Athens in a quarrel with Corinth, a request that became a primary cause of the Peloponnesian War. 20/12/1963 : Naufrage du Corfu Islands à l’Étang-du-Nord. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Is one of the most popular destinations and one of the first islands to open to tourism. Upon the dismemberment of the Venetian republic (1797), Corfu was assigned to France, but the French garrison soon was expelled by a Russo-Turkish fleet. (2001) city, 30,140; island, 107,879; mun., 111,081; (2011) city, 24,838; mun., 102,071. Corrections? Find all the transport options for your trip from Corfu to Navagio right here. This UNESCO listed town is absolutely beautiful. 8. It attracts millions of tourists every year that visit the island for its elegant architecture, its greenery, the traditional villages and the wonderful beaches around the island. Vidos Island lies at the mouth of the Port of Corfu and is most famous for its quarantine of Serbian soldiers during World War I. Corfu as an island sheltered many Serbian soldiers and civilians following their retreat from the Austro-Hungarian forces, although they kept many of the dying and sick on Vido to prevent outbreaks. If you need a place to begin, try the World Heritage Old Town of Corfu City, which is guarded by two mighty Venetian fortresses that withstood everything that the Ottoman Empire could throw at them. First and the most important place to see on the island is its capital city - Kerkyra. Voulant accélérer la cadence, le capitaine Peter Paschalis demande d’alourdir le navire en emplissant les ballasts de 3000 tonnes additionnelles d’eau de mer. Corfu TOP EXCURSIONS. A Corinthian colony established about 734 bce supplanted a settlement of Eretrians from Euboea. Venetian sovereignty was restored in 1401. Updates? The second-largest Ionian Island has seen the Byzantines, Venetians, French and British come and go over the last 1,000 years, and all these cultures have left something behind. Le Corfu Island analysé... 53 ans après son naufrage. Corfu Cruise Port. Le Corfu navigue en pleine tempête entre les Îles de la Madeleine et l’Île d’Anticosti. You will find below a list of the best beaches in Corfu island. The island of Corfu is an intermediate port on the Italy- Greece route, i.e. Many Corfu beaches are organized and lined up with hotels, seaside restaurants, water sports centers, and beach bars. Its old town, with its labyrinth of hilly, narrow streets, is a seat of a Greek metropolitan and a Roman Catholic bishop. Modern Kérkyra (Corfu), the chief city, port, and capital of the dímos, lies on a peninsula on the east coast. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. One 4th-century Athenian orator actually dropped a casual remark to the effect…. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Johanne Fournier. (Thucydides does not let his readers entirely lose sight of two other causes much discussed at the time—the Megarian decrees and the complaints of Aegina about its loss of autonomy. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Olive and cypress trees against the mountainous background of northern Corfu (Kérkyra), Greece. In 1923 Italian forces bombarded and held Corfu briefly, following the murder of an Italian boundary delegation. Omissions? British administration displeased the inhabitants, however, and in 1864 Corfu was ceded, with the other Ionian Islands (Iónia Nisiá), to Greece. Lying just off the coast of Epirus (Ípeiros), it is about 36 miles (58 km) long, while its greatest breadth is about 17 miles (27 km) and its area 229 square miles (593 square km). "The clearest waters in Corfu island, the best beach bars and restaurants and of course the best place to relax and enjoy your holidays!!" The island was restored to Greece in 1944. maquettes du corfu island qui fit naufrage le 20 décembre 1963,et moi et mes amis avons tournés un film documentaire sur le sujet(le naufrage oublié) The main cruise port on the island is located within walking distance of the town of Corfu. 20/12/1963 : Naufrage du Corfu Islands à l’Étang-du-Nord. This article was most recently revised and updated by. In succession it fell to Goths, Lombards, Saracens, and Normans and was fought over by the kings of Sicily and the Italian city-states of Genoa and Venice. The Corfu Trail is an epic 93-mile (150-kilometer) trek starting from the south of the island and ending on the northern tip. After the Greeks appealed to the League Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A Variety of Choices. 3 years ago. After 303 the island changed hands several times for a quarter century. Omissions? According to legend, the island was Scheria, home of the Phaeacians in Homeric epic. Corfu is studded with whitewashed houses, Byzantine churches, and the remains of Venetian fortresses and Greek temples. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1204 the island was annexed to the Greek despotate of Epirus but passed back to King Manfred of Sicily (1259) and then (1267) to the Angevins of Naples. Corfu TOP EXCURSIONS. In August 1923 Italians forming part of an international boundary delegation were murdered on Greek soil, leading Benito Mussolini to order a naval bombardment of Corfu. Corfu, Modern Greek Kérkyra, ancient (Latin) Corcyra, island in the Ionian Sea (Modern Greek: Ióvio Pélagos), with adjacent small islands making up the dímos (municipality) and pereferiakí enótita (regional unit) of Kérkyra (also called Corfu), Ionian Islands (Iónia Nisiá) periféreia (region), western Greece. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. From simply irresistible emerald beaches to traditional little villages, these islands tick all the boxes! If you are not up to a 20 minute walk, a local bus into town is available. Sitting in the Ionian Sea, several miles west off of Greece 's northwest coast and Albania's southwest coast, Corfu is the second largest of the Ionian Islands. The island is well watered, fertile, and reputed to have the most attractive countryside of the Greek islands. The island of Corfu is Greece's large, green Ionian Island. The cosmopolitan island of Corfu is located in the Ionian Sea, in Greece. Seized in 229 bce by the Illyrians, it was delivered by the Romans, who retained it as a naval station and made it a free state. Dossier spécial tiré du Magazine LES ÎLES – Automne 2014 Le cœur se souvient toujours des histoires … Fun Fact #2 The longest influence in Corfu was the Venetians, which left their mark making it feel more like an Italian town. The island escaped the great earthquake of 1953, which destroyed large parts of the southern Ionian Islands, and became very popular with tourists. Corfu is believed to be the island of Schera in Homer's Odyssey. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. the Ancona or Bari to Corfu - Igoumenitsa – Patras crossings. Diapontia islands consist of 3 small islets with a distance between 2 and 7 marine miles from the coast of Corfu. In 1962 a palace built (1890–91) for Elizabeth, empress of Austria, was converted to use as a casino. Its northeastern protrusion, close to the Albanian coast, trends east-west and reaches a peak in Pantokrator Mountain (2,972 feet [906 metres]); the other range, in the island’s centre, is lower. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Corfu-incident, History Ireland - Ireland and the Corfu Crisis, 1923. Proudly independent and even hostile to its mother city of Corinth, the new colony was reduced (c. 600 bce) by the Corinthian tyrant Periander, but later it regained independence and devoted itself to commerce. The island’s favourable position between Greece and Italy attracted powers from east and west. It’s a fairly easy hike, with lots of signage, and you’ll weave your way through hills, mountains, lakes, lagoons, monasteries, and tiny towns. Corfu (/ k ɔːr ˈ f (j) uː /, US also / ˈ k ɔːr f (j) uː /) or Kerkyra (Greek: Κέρκυρα, romanized: Kérkyra, pronounced ()) is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea, of the Ionian Islands, and, including its small satellite islands, forms the margin of the northwestern frontier of Greece. In 1923 the League revealed its impotence by dodging action in the Corfu crisis, in which Italian troops...…, Corfu, island in the Ionian Sea (Modern Greek: Ióvio Pélagos), with adjacent small islands...…, Benito Mussolini, Italian prime minister (1922–43) and the first of 20th-century Europe’s...…. The second-largest town on Corfu, Lefkimmi is probably one of the most traditional and picturesque villages on the island. Exports include olive oil, fruit, grain, and wine; Corfu’s manufactures include soap and textiles. What are the islands of the Maldives made of? Le Soleil «Enfin!» C'est ce que s'exclament plusieurs Madelinots, alors que les travaux entourant l'analyse de l'épave du Corfu Island, qui gît depuis 53 ans sur une plage achalandée des Îles-de-la-Madeleine, débuteront dans les prochains jours.